Can you distinguish between an electronic and electrical devices?
Many people can’t, even those who ought to know. Most times these terms are conflated with each other and many people consider them being synonymous.Though electronic and electric seems synonymous but they are quite different from each other by its functions and operations.
An electric device is one that directly uses electrical energy to execute a task. The motion and energy of electrons within the conducting wires and interconnected components is primary to the operation of the device. On the other hand, an electronic device is a device that works on electrical energy in order to carry out a task. Also, electronic devices works by controlling the motion of electrons in ways that go beyond electrodynamics properties similar to voltage and current. The things that are passed by the electrons is performed on and used by the device to achieve its function.
Furthermore,most electrical device use high voltage(AC) of magnitude up to 220,440KV,etc and a considerably low-frequency (50Hz,60Hz,etc) Whereas electronic device use considerably low voltage (DC) of magnitude up to 5V,12V,etc and a high frequency of Mhz(megahertz).
Normally, electronic devices also have an integrated electrical section, the power supply, that appropriates voltage and current to the electronic components of the rest of the device. In this case, we would usually denote the product as electronic according to its principal purpose, even though the difference is unclear when looking at large, composite systems.
In general, if something uses electricity just as energy, it is electrical, while if it uses electricity as the means for manipulating information, it is electronic. For example Power transformers, electrical motors are purely electrical devices while mobile chargers, amplifier, etc are purely electronic devices.
Nowadays the difference between ‘electric‘ and ‘electronic‘ is subtle, which leads to recurrent perplexity of the two terms because what used to be simple electrical devices now often include some electronic components in them. For example, your electrical toaster may contain an electronic circuit that tells you the status of your toast or plays a beep when the toast is ready.Typically, other electrical devices like lamps, heaters, vacuum cleaners and kitchen items such as kettles, refrigerators etc did not consist of electronic components (transistors, diodes, capacitors, etc).
Today, however, many of these items contain electronic components so, the distinction has become blurred.
Electronic and electric are interdependent on each other, they cannot be separated. Taking one out of the other makes the other useless or inefficient .For example Television cannot work without electrical power, that makes it useless and even if electrical power is supplied to it without electronic components in it, that makes it inefficient. The combination of electric and electronic has produced lots of inventions like your mobile phone, computer, etc.